International Wushu Competition Routines
Wushu, as an international competitive sport is truly developing on a worldwide scale in leaps and bounds. There is an urgent need to standardize wushu competition routines in order that Chinese and foreign competitors may compete on equal footing. Thus, the Chinese Wushu Research Institute of China organized a group of professors, specialists, famous wushu trainers and top level artists to develop a set of ten standard competition routines, namely Changquan(Long Boxing), Nanquan(Southern Style Boxing), Taijiquan, Daoshu(Boardsword Play), Jianshu(Sword Play), Gunshu(Cudgel Play), Qiangshu(Spear Play), Nandao(Southern Style Boardsword Play), Nangun(Southern Style Cudgel Play) and Taijijian.
These ten competition routines, which are improved in content, specification of movements, compact structure, routine layout, number of movements and series of movements and competition time limits, all conform with the international wushu competition rules. These routines have been examined and verified by China Wushu Association, The People's Republic of China.
Originated in China, wushu is time-honored, rich in content and diversified in forms. In its age-long process of development wushu has been referred to as martial arts, "guoshu", as well as "gongfu" in some areas. The origin of wushu can be traced back to the early activities of the ancestors of the Chinese people who struggled hard for survival．During the prolonged cold weaponry age wushu was employed by the army to subdue the enemy, practiced by the ordinary people as a means for self-defense and physical training, as well as for a cheerful life. During the process of its gradual improvement and development in modern times, wushu has been basically separated from military skills. With attack and defense as its basic movements and the Chinese traditional culture as its background, wushu has become a sports event which includes taolu and sanshou disciplines．
The traditional wushu, the root of the contemporary wushu, has developed according to wushu's traditional style and its own law of development. With distinctive characteristics of China's traditional sports culture, traditional wushu is practiced by the broad masses of the people, it has an enormous potential for development. Its value for health-building, self-defense and cultural education is greatly appreciated by the people with different cultural backgrounds. Now it is steadily entering the domain of sport for all, as well as the fields of the continuing sports, leisure sports and cultural sports of the people in the world.
Wushu taolu is a set of connecting stylized movements choreographed according to certain laws, embodying the philosophical connotation of attack and defense. Wushu sanshou disciplines are fighting movements between two people for both attack-defense exercises. Besides, there are other types of fighting movements, such as tuishou, duanbing and changbing.
Today wushu has developed into various forms of practice, each with its own focus and goals. Some practices highlight health and well-being as their primary goal, while others stress maintaining the traditional culture and skills from which the arts originated. More recently, wushu has developed into a global competitive sport, which is practiced and enjoyed by thousands of people worldwide due to its unique and exciting content. Sport wushu is categorized into two main categories, namely Taolu (Routines Competition) and Sanda (Free-Fighting Competition).