Home 태극권(Taijiquan) 태극권종류 손식태극권
손식태극권

  孙氏太极拳是一种传统拳术。太极拳虽然名之为拳,但实际上,尤其是近几十年来。它一直在向功的方向转化。从创举初始的强调技击效应,到近代的强调健身和养生,都说明了这种变化。因此,近年来,大多数人习练的各式太极拳,称之为太极拳功,其实更为合理。

 

  孙氏太极拳是武术百花园中的一朵艳丽的奇葩。孙氏太极拳是中国近代著名武术家、一代宗师孙禄堂先生集形意、八卦、太极之大成,冶三家于一炉,所创立的优秀拳种之一。

 

  孙氏太极拳创始人为孙禄堂。孙禄堂名福全,字禄堂,生于一八六零年十一月十五日。早年随形意拳大师郭云深学习形意拳,并从八卦掌大师董海川弟子程廷华学习八卦掌。其后因照顾病中的武禹襄传人郝为真,而蒙其传授太极拳学。孙禄堂将三者合而为一,自成一家,人称孙氏太极拳。因内含八卦掌千变万化的特色,故又称「八卦太极拳」。

 

손식태극권의 창시자는 손록당(孫綠堂)이며, 손록당은 일생을 무술연구에 전념하였고, 형의권, 팔괘장, 태극권을 깊게 수련하여 3가지 권술을 하나로 융화시켜 손식태극권을 만들었다.

 

손식태극권의 특징은 진퇴상수(進退相隨):앞으로 이동시 앞발을 따라 뒷발이 같이 가고, 뒤로 이동시 뒷발을 따라 앞발이 뒤로 반드시 움직인다. 동작이 크고 원활하며 민첩하고 자연스럽고, 수련시 두발의 허실은 명확히 해야 한다. 전투로 수련시 구름과 물이 흐르듯 끊임없이 움직인다. 전신을 돌릴 때마다 개합동작으로 연결시켜 일명 '개합활보 태극권'이라고도 부른다.

 

◈ Sun Lutang (1861-1932), Founder of the Sun School

 

Sun Lutang was a native of Wanxian County in Hebei Province. He first learned xingyiquan (form-and-will boxing) under Li Kuiyuan and then baguaquan (eight-diagram boxing) under Cheng Tinghua. As a master of both, he enjoyed a high reputation in Beijing and was nicknamed "Living Monkey King," a legendary hero in Chinese mythology.

 

In 1912, Sun happened to meet Hao He at an inn in Beijing. Hao had come to the capital to visit his relatives and friends and fallen ill. Sun took good care of him and got the best doctor to treat him. Grateful for Sun's kindness and help, Hao later taught him taijiquan, which he incorporated into the routines he had learned, thus creating the Sun school characterized by a smooth and coherent sequence of movements in advance and retreat. When the whole set is performed it is like the clouds drifting in the sky or water flowing down a stream.

 

Sun has left behind him many books on different wushu routines he was versed in.

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