Home 태극권(Taijiquan) 태극권종류 무식태극권
무식

  武氏太极拳是一种起源于清朝咸丰年间的传统拳术,由河北省邯郸市永年人武禹襄所创。至今大约有130年的历史。武氏太极拳是在杨式太极拳小架的基础上发展创编的,武氏家乃官绅之家,不以拳术为业,极少授徒,而重自娱自研。虽然,继承发展了太极拳。自成一家,却因此而流传不广。

 

武氏太极拳是传统太极拳五大流派之一,其理法原理丰富完整又邃 密细腻,“以求太极(内形)为主,走内劲,以意行气,练精、气、神三者合一”。其技艺特点是“因敌变化、借力打人”,用意气的变换来支配外形的运动,强调走内劲而不露外形,达到人为我制,而我不为人制的神奇境界。

 

  武派(武式)太极拳是武禹襄先生在杨式太极拳、赵堡太极拳的基础上,根据练功方面的感悟而创编的差式小巧紧凑,集强身、防身、修身为一体,适合文人修炼的太极拳,后人称之为武式太极拳。武禹襄先生在对这套拳法身体力行的实践中,形成了简炼精要、无一浮词的经典之作——武式太极拳论。武式太极拳,人称干枝老梅、朴实无华。手高不过眉,远不出足,双手各管半个身子,互不逾越,讲究内外三合,进退须有折叠,内潜之气支配外形,行云走架,双足如在大地上写书法,一笔一划严守格律,与人交手,不重招数,注重接劲打劲。陈固安、吴文翰即出自邢台国术研究社的优秀武式太极拳代表人。

 

무식태극권의 창시자는 무우양(武禹襄)이며, 양노선에게서 진식태극권 노가식을 배웠으며, 후에 진청평(陳靑萍)에게 진식태극권 신가식을 배웠고, <태극권보>를 열심히 연구하여 후대에 전했으며, 그의 조카 이경론(李經綸)이 다시 더 발전시켜 무식태극권을 만들었다. 또한 무식태극권을 이가태극권(李家太極拳)이라고도 한다.

 

무식태극권의 특징 은 자세가 밀접하고 동작이 부드럽고 느리며 특히 보법은 허실이 구분이 명확해야하며, 가슴부위와 배부분은 수련시 시종일관 중정을 유지해야 한다. 왼손은 오른쪽으로 신체중심을 넘어서면 안되며 오른손 또한 왼쪽으로 신체중심을 넘으면 안된다. 손은 발 앞꿈치를 초과해서 밀거나 찌르거나 할 수 없으며, 또한 원래는 높게 뛰어오르는 동작도 있었다.

 

 

◈ Wu Yuxiang (1812-1880), Founder of the Wu(武) School

 

Wu Yuxiang came from a family of wushu lovers and profited from his brief association with Yang Luchan from whom he learned taijiquan. In order to get the hang of the Chen style, he paid a visit to Chen Changxing in 1852, only to find him too old and feeble to give instructions. So he found one of his distant nephews, Chen Qingping, who taught Wu the new-frame taijiquan as distinguished from Chen Changxing's old-frame style. After more than one month of hard training, Wu acquired its essential points, as shown by what he said to his brother: "Now that I have obtained a deep understanding of the Chen school, all that needs to be done is persistent practice."

 

Meanwhile his brother had by change obtained a copy of Manual of Taijiquan written by Wang Zongyue, which was of great enlightenment to Wu. It was on the basis of this book that he wrote two of his own, namely, Important Points for a Wushu Master and, ironically enough, Four-Character Secret Formulas Not to Be Passed On to Anybody. Concise and to the point, they laid down the foundation of the unique Wu school of taijiquan, which is characterized by quick and short-range movements.

 

While his brothers served as officials in different parts of the country, Wu Yuxiang lived a secluded life in his home village studying and teaching the martial art. Even at his death bed, he was still discussing taijiquan with his attendants.

 

Wu's most outstanding disciple was his sister's son Li Jinglun (1832-1892), who in turn passed on his skills to his fellow townsman Hao He (1849-1920). It was said that Hao was so strong that, in practising the push-hand exercise, he could lift his partner and hurl him to settle securely in a chair ten feet away. It was one of his pupils who founded the Sun school of taijiquan.

 

 

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